THE ORAL HEALTH OF ELDERLY POPULATION IN VIENTIANE

Title
THE ORAL HEALTH OF ELDERLY POPULATION IN VIENTIANE
Authors
CHANTHAMALINH, VATSANA; LEXOMBOON, DUANGJAI; SROISIRI, THAWEBOON; M.L.THEERATHAVAJ, SRITHAVAJ; SUPANEE, THANAKUN; SITA, THAWORANUNTA; NATDHANAI, CHOTPRASERT
Keywords
ORAL HEALTH/ TOOTH LOSS/ CARIES/ PERIODOTAL
Issue Date
2013-09-27
Abstract
A cross sectional study was performed in Vientiane, Lao P.D.R using stratified
sampling method. The objectives were to describe the oral health status and the exposure to
risk factors in the elderly population, and to determine service needs. A total of 300 elderly
people, aged 60 years and over were selected for oral examination and questionnaire
interview. The study found the mean tooth loss to be 9.2 teeth per person and 2.3% were
edentulous. The prevalence of dental caries was 84.0% and the mean DMFT was 7.7 teeth per
person. These problems were not substantial in relation to the elderly in other countries in SE
Asia. The prevalence of periodontal diseases was 89.5%. On the contrary, the severity was
lower (89.5% had CPI = 2 and only 9.8% had pockets ≥ 4 mm). There was no substantial
difference between elderly in municipality and non-municipality areas. Prevalence of root
caries was also low (0.7%). However, heavy calculus deposition might cause under estimation
of the prevalence of pockets and root caries. The majority reported that they brushed their
teeth daily, but many had other risk factors such as chewing areca nut, snuffing, smoking, and
alcohol drinking. The need for restoration and prosthesis were high, suggesting that oral
health care planning needs to emphasize on prevention and promotion.
URI

http://hdl.handle.net/11267/1816
Appears in Collections:
6.Mahidol University(Thailand) > Theses articles
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