Causes of Fever in Rural Southern Laos

Title
Causes of Fever in Rural Southern Laos
Authors
Mayxay, M; Sengvilaipaseuth, O; Chanthongthip, A; Dubot-Peees, A; Rolain, JM; Parola, P; Craig, SB; Tulsiani, S; Burns, MA; Khanthavong, M; Keola, S; Pongvongsa, T; Raoult, D; Dittrich, S; Newton, PN
Keywords
PLASMODIUM-FALCIPARUM MALARIA; ARTESUNATE PLUS MEFLOQUINE; SULFADOXINE-PYRIMETHAMINE; CHLOROQUINE; VIENTIANE
Issue Date
2015
Publisher
AM J TROP MED HYG
Citation
AM J TROP MED HYG;Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.;SEP;2015;93;3
Abstract
The etiology of fever in rural Lao People's Democratic Republic (Laos) has remained obscure until recently owing to the lack of laboratory facilities. We conducted a study to determine the causes of fever among 229 patients without malaria in Savannakhet Province, southern Laos; 52% had evidence of at least one diagnosis (45% with single and 7% with apparent multiple infections). Among patients with only one diagnosis, dengue (30.1%) was the most common, followed by leptospirosis (7.0%), Japanese encephalitis virus infection (3.5%), scrub typhus (2.6%), spotted fever group infection (0.9%), unspecified flavivirus infection (0.9%), and murine typhus (0.4%). We discuss the empirical treatment of fever in relation to these findings.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/11267/2305
ISSN
0002-9637
Appears in Collections:
3.University of Health Sciences > Faculty of postgraduate > Journal articles
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