NORTHEAST THAILAND; PARASITIC INFECTIONS; CHOLANGIOCARCINOMA; PREVALENCE; SCHOOLCHILDREN; SANITATION; DIARRHEA; WATER
T ROY SOC TROP MED H
Trans. Roy. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg.;JAN;2007;101;1
In Lao PDR, detailed investigations on Opisthorchis viverrini are scarce. The objective was to document epidemiological features of O. viverrini infections in a highly endemic district. A random sample was selected (13 villages, 15 households/village, all household members aged >6 months). Clinical examinations, short interviews and stool examinations (Kato-Katz technique) were performed. Fish samples were dissected for the presence of metacercaria. In total, 814 persons were enrolled (median age 16 years, 51.5% women). The prevalence was 58.5%. Infection rates increased with age (from 20.0 to 85.5%; P< 0.001). Intensity of infection and the habit of consuming insufficiently cooked fish also increased with age. Of the study participants, 75.2% reported cooking fish insufficiently. Of the 23 different species of cyprinoid fish consumed in the study villages, 20 species were infected. At the village level, the prevalence of raw fish consumption was strongly associated with the infection status of O. viverrini (r=0.76, P=0.003). At individual level, age, the consumption of insufficiently cooked fish, and the absence of sanitation were strongly associated. The disease associated with O. viverrini infection needs to be assessed in order to develop and conduct adequate interventions. (C) 2006 Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.