Evaluation of a New Handheld Instrument for the Detection of Counterfeit Artesunate by Visual Fluorescence Comparison

Title
Evaluation of a New Handheld Instrument for the Detection of Counterfeit Artesunate by Visual Fluorescence Comparison
Authors
Ranieri, N; Tabernero, P; Green, MD; Verbois, L; Herrington, J; Sampson, E; Satzger, RD; Phonlavong, C; Thao, K; Newton, PN; Witkowski, MR
Keywords
OFFSET RAMAN-SPECTROSCOPY; ANTIMALARIAL TABLETS; FAKE ARTESUNATE; SOUTHEAST-ASIA; DRUGS; QUALITY; AUTHENTICATION; MEDICINES; CAMBODIA; AFRICA
Issue Date
2014
Publisher
AM J TROP MED HYG
Citation
Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.;NOV;2014;91;5
Abstract
There is an urgent need for accurate and inexpensive handheld instruments for the evaluation of medicine quality in the field. A blinded evaluation of the diagnostic accuracy of the Counterfeit Detection Device 3 (CD-3), developed by the US Food and Drug Administration Forensic Chemistry Center, was conducted in the Lao People's Democratic Republic. Two hundred three samples of the oral antimalarial artesunate were compared with authentic products using the CD-3 by a trainer and two trainees. The specificity (95% confidence interval [95% CI]), sensitivity (95% CI), positive predictive value (95% CI), and negative predictive value (95% CI) of the CD-3 for detecting counterfeit (falsified) artesunate were 100% (93.8-100%), 98.4% (93.8-99.7%), 100% (96.2-100%), and 97.4% (90.2-99.6%), respectively. Interobserver agreement for 203 samples of artesunate was 100%. The CD-3 holds promise as a relatively inexpensive and easy to use instrument for field evaluation of medicines, potentially empowering drug inspectors, customs agents, and pharmacists.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/11267/2498
ISSN
0002-9637
Appears in Collections:
2.Ministry of Health > Journal articles
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